Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro
Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

+48 66 444 8 222

Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

+48 66 444 8 222

 

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Alexander Dalli - Flying Instructor


What are Gyrocopters ?


Gyrocopter looks like a small helicopter but the main difference is there is no engine turning the main rotor. The rotor simply self-propel (which we call "autorotate") due to the way that the air flows through them. It also does not have a tail rotor.

As the engine is not connected to the rotors, this means that a Gyrocopter is not seriously affected if the engine should stop in flight. This, together with a very short landing roll (we can land in a very small open space, about the size of a putting green), means that a Gyrocopter is one of the safest methods of flying.

Today, Gyrocopters are one or two-seat aeroplanes whose maximum take-off weight does not exceed 450 kg. Modern Gyrocopters offer superb performance, comfort and above all have a safety record second to none in aviation. Flying Gyrocopters is challenging, exhilarating and brilliant fun.

Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro
Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

How does it Fly?

On a gyrocopter, the rotor is free (unpowered), and only ensures the lift. Propulsion is ensured by a conventional traction or propulsive propeller. The air attacks the rotor from below, giving a slight "nose up" attitude. By fleeing trough the rotor, the air maintain its permanent rotation. This is a complex phenomenon too long to describe here.

This is known as autorotation. In an helicopter, autorotation only happens when engine quits. In a gyrocopter, autorotation is permanent, it is its natural way of flying, with our without engine.

To start the autorotation phenomenon, a gyrocopter will, when stopped on the ground before take-off, prerotates its rotor, until it reaches sufficient RPMs to ensure lift after a short roll. After that... it is automatic, and the relative wind / weight combination will ensure permanent rotation - therefore lift - for the aircraft, rotor RPMs varying automatically as needed to maintain the needed lift along all phases of the flight.

Comparison with the Helicopter

Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro
Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

On an helicopter, the rotor is powered, and ensures both lift and propulsion. The helicopter rotor is simply acting as a big variable-pitch propeller. As such, the air attacks the rotor from above, giving it its "nose down" attitude in flight. The powered rotor accelerates the air mass towards the ground.

History

Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

Juan de la Cierva and his first gyrocopter

Juan de la Cierva was a Spanish engineer and aeronautical enthusiast.

In 1921, he participated in a design competition to develop a bomber for the Spanish military.

De la Cierva designed a three-engined aircraft, but during an early test flight, the bomber stalled and crashed. De la Cierva was troubled by the stall phenomenon and vowed to develop an aircraft that could fly safely at low airspeeds.

The result was the first successful rotorcraft, which he named Autogiro in 1923. De la Cierva's autogyro used an airplane fuselage with a forward-mounted propeller and engine, a rotor mounted on a mast, and a horizontal and vertical stabilizer.

Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

Dr Igor Bensen

The autogyro was resurrected after World War II when Dr. Igor Bensen, a Russian immigrant in the USA, saw a captured German U-Boat's Fa 330 gyroglider and was fascinated by its characteristics.

Present Day – Celier Aviation

Raphael Celier, a Frenchman is the designer and manufacturer of the Xenon Series of Gyrocopters. His company, Celier Aviation Sp. Zoo is located in Warsaw.

Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro
Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro
Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

Celier Aviation Company Sp. zoo has signed a partnership agreement of cooperation with Zeszuta Sport Sp. zoo.

Company Zeszuta Sp. zoo is a Mercedes Group production facility. It has in the past built special buses, armored vehicles and ambulances.

Zeszuta will from now onwards perform the final assembling manufacture of the Celier Aviation Xenon Gyrocopters.


This will ensure the highest standards of all products of Celier Aviation. The robust, ISO and AQUAP certification and the production time per piece will be shortened to about two weeks. The production capacity will amount to more than 100 units per year.

Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro
Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

Main differences between gyrocopters and other aircraft kinds are the following, for the same Maximum Take Off Weight:

Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

Piloting a Gyrocopter

In the table above, we state that piloting is easy. This in no way means that you can sit in one, and just take-off ! Just like with any other aircraft, you will have to take lessons, and learn to pilot it. 

But, due to the fact that the gyrocopter's controls are basically identical and often simpler than those of a conventional fixed-wing aircraft, a fixed-wing pilot will usually need something like 10 hours dual training to convert to gyrocopter. Someone with no prior flight experience will need the same amount of time as he would for learning to pilot a fixed-wing aircraft.

Xenon Celier Aviation wiatrakowiec autogyro gyroplanes gyro

Pilot training

The course consists of ground and flight training.

The syllabus is very flexible in order to cater for the needs of the many students with different backgrounds and jobs involved.

Ground studies involve different subjects which include Meteorology, Air Law and Navigation at the end of which is a simple examination.

Flight training consists of about 40 hours for a private pilot.

Advantages and disadvantages of a gyrocopter versus a helicopter


Pros:


  1. Bulletfor the price of one helicopter you can have 20 gyrocopters giving you a swarm capability

  2. for the running cost of one helicopter per hour you can run 10 gyrocopters in the same time in the air

  3. fuel required is normal unleaded car fuel

  4. maintenance is just like a car;  change of tyres, oil and spark plugs since the main rotor does not have any moving parts that require overhaul

  5. pilot training is very easy as it is more safe to land than a helicopter or a plane

  6. works in all wind conditions, the more wind there is, the shorter the take off run! perfect for island hopping

  7. lands in 5 to 10 m like a helicopter.

  8. any sensors for surveillance can be fitted on demand


Cons:


  1. it needs a short run to take off between 60 to 100 metres but this can be a simple road, an unprepared strip or just an open field

  2. when it hovers it loses altitude

  3. it can cheat hover if there is a strong wind

  4. Bulletno winching capability

  5. Bulletsince it is a small machine, its lifting capabilities is not more than 4 persons.

To date over 150 machines have been produced, selling to USA, Australia, Russia, Europe, Middle East and Africa